The baroque in italy and spain essay

A Psychological Door to the Otherness of Self. The first traces of the object used as mirror were made from the obsidian, [1] which were found in Anatolia. The taste of personal appearance and representation has developed, what was in particular advantage to the feminine part of the society.

The baroque in italy and spain essay

Even in his commercial photographs, LaChapelle combines criticism of the marketing method whose objects are all those taking part in its constitution, including the target audience of both the marketed product and the photograph as an objectand even the photographer himself as the one who creates the bait of the sales scheme.

When he photographed rapper Lil Kim for the Louis Vuitton campaign, the company logos were imprinted from head to toe on the dark skin of her naked body as a stamp. In this manner he created a sales-promoting attraction while, at the same time, placing the singer, himself, and the public of viewers and potential buyers as part of the array responsible for commodification of the female The baroque in italy and spain essay.

The "brand-name rush," the pursuit of fashionable designer items, the obsessive manicuring of the body in an attempt to resemble the figures on the catwalk or in the Oscars ceremony—all these rituals, as means to acquire a social status, make for the body's transformation into a label, and the conversion of the human figure into advertising space.

LaChapelle does not sanctify the erotic facet in order to satisfy the voyeuristic urge or the curiosity of an audience of viewers and fans; he prefers to celebrate the freedom to use it precisely in order to liberate the representation of the body, primarily the female body, from the pornographic context, from erroneous interpretation, and from the inevitable association of nakedness with sin, or the mechanical association of passion and lust with sexual gratification, abuse, and humiliation.

LaChapelle's first exhibition in Israel, at The Tel Aviv Museum of Art, contains very little nudity, which is not intended to promote sales, but rather to convey an idea.

The show features only a few traces of LaChapelle's familiar body of work and the Hollywood icons. Exceptional in this context are three monumental photographs of Michael Jackson, two of them conduct an explicit dialogue with death: LaChapelle distances Jackson's controversial personality far from the The baroque in italy and spain essay gossip and horror estates in three images which shift the discussion of the legend—that accompanied the singer's intricate biography and continues the mystery around the story of his death—into a new, religious context.

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Most of the photographed subjects in the exhibition are neither actors, singers, or major glamorous figures, but rather models whose very anonymity makes for a criticism devoid of gossipy preaching, of ascription to a specific figure or episode; criticism directed at a social moral content which converses with life and the art world.

To some extent, LaChapelle is considered an outsider in the art world and in the world of commercial photography alike. He tends to add subversive ideas and unusual aspects to the marketed product.

In an advertising campaign for coffee, for example, he chose to emphasize the fact that it is a stimulant, and alluded to the fetishistic dimension inherent in the coffee ritual, complete with the pompous jargon associated with it, which he compared to the pompous ritualism of sadomasochistic rituals.

LaChapelle is an exceptional practitioner in the field of advertising, among other reasons, since he frequently incorporates in his works metaphors with a moral, religious motifs, and familiar elements from works by the great masters, from the Middle Ages to the present.

Such references are foreign to the world of magazine advertising and the clean and alienated high-gloss language characterizing the genre. In the critical-cultural discourse typifying the contemporary art world, and especially contemporary photography, on the other hand, there is avoidance, nearly to the point of loathing, of the use of canonical references and their direct interpretation as an allegory for existential values.

LaChapelle performs an iconoclastic act in the critical discourse. He avoids academic understatement and educated insertion of cynical preaching into ideological discussions of contemporary theory.

He stages wild scenes and dark adventure stories, replete with images and events, arranged in one-shot across the entire frame, some of them requiring more than one viewing to grasp fully. LaChapelle's work is interspersed with humor, at times even irony, but it is entirely devoid of cynicism.

The Crash works are all but meant to be a cynical comment on the flux of catastrophes passing before our eyes in shocking news images to which we have become so accustomed; nor are they oriented toward perversion and dark passions as we know them, for example, from James Ballard's eponymous novel or from David Cronenberg's film by the same title based on it.

LaChapelle's crashes address an economic crash, the collapse inherent in the sanctified capitalistic ideal, and therefore they are accompanied by pathos-filled titles originating in slogans from the marketing campaigns of the depicted cars The Crash: Boundless Freedom, ; The Crash: Intelligent Decadence, ; The Crash: The same applies to the banknotes Negative Currency: These are not replicated in series, like Andy Warhol's dollar bills fromand although, similarly to early Pop, their very appearance in the photograph conceals a criticism of the values celebrated by affluent society, the approach to the object in his work is fundamentally different with regard to the art world and its products, as well as to consumerist society and its commodities.

In the presented bill, in contradistinction to Warhol's endless replication of dollars, the intention is neither to exhaust the eye, nor to indicate the lack of a focal point in the work or the limitations of the printing technique as opposed to the well-oiled and exact capital mechanism.

LaChapelle uses the banknotes themselves as the negative in the enlarger, allowing one to discern in the print details which, ordinarily—namely in ordinary use—remain invisible.

The two sides of the banknote appear together and in reversal colors at the final print thus associate with art's intricate age-old confrontation of the paradox of two-dimensional representation of a reality which has volume.

The two dimensions are superimposed into a single photograph, in fact opting for the traditional option of multiple exposures and their printing into a single photograph, a process which distorts the conveyed data, yet generates a new occurrence transpiring almost only on the plane of the work.

In the case of the banknote, the simultaneous manifestation of front and back is familiar from the gesture common among merchants and sellers, who hold the note against the light to reaffirm its originality by means of transparency and the water marks imprinted in it.

In the context of authenticity and commercialization of art works, in his spectacular banknote photographs the artist furnishes us—consciously and in carefully-controlled dosage—with arguments and food for thought in the futile debate among art lovers regarding the commercial apparatus and the pricing and evaluation methods in the art market.

The series of banknotes embodies the answer to a range of superfluous questions, such as regarding the price of the work and the value of the note documented in it. Hence it projects various peculiar comparisons between Picasso's broken portraits or the color drippings in Jackson Pollock's action paintings and the early scribbling of any child.

The banknote assumes a new appearance which calls for profound perusal of the work's details, and therefore also close acquaintance with the original—the note which passes hands, folded in one's wallet or stuck in the pocket—which embodies purchasing power, a source of gratification, dispute and quarrels, economic power, "current money with the merchant," as it is called in Genesis Double-Take The negation of the subject, announced in post-modernism as the "death of the author," was already apparent in Pop with the transition from the concept of the author to that of the artist who operates within society, documenting and gathering existing images, and generating a collective subject of sorts.

Thereby early Pop succeeded, despite its relinquishment of the single subject, to continue formulating basic feelings and sentiments, such as love, despair, and hope, which culminated in Roy Lichtenstein's comics works. On the other hand, Warhol's doctrine represented total renunciation of the emotional disposition accompanying the private or collective subject.

The artist became a social historian, who documents and replicates images as cultural products.Francisco de Zurbaran [Spanish Baroque Era Painter, ] Guide to pictures of works by Francisco de Zurbaran in art museum sites and image archives worldwide.

Essay reflecting on mirror as a psychological otherness of self. [Encyclopedia Judaica] Jews have lived in Italy without interruption from the days of the Maccabees until the present, through a period of more than 21 centuries.

Although a general expulsion was never issued for the Jews of Italy, there were frequently partial ones.

The baroque in italy and spain essay

Identification. The Romans used the name Italia to refer to the Italian peninsula. Additionally, Italy has been invaded and settled by many different peoples. Etruscans in Tuscany preceded the Romans and Umbria, while Greeks settled the south.

The Baroque (US: / b ə ˈ r oʊ k / or UK: / b ə ˈ r ɒ k /) is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the midth century. It followed the Renaissance style and preceded the Rococo (in the past often referred to as "late Baroque") and Neoclassical styles.

It was encouraged by the Catholic Church as a. Nov 06,  · In Portuguese the word “Baroque” translates as “deformed pearl”. The Baroque period occurred between the late s and early s.

During the 16 th century, the Reformation occurred in Western Europe that divided Christianity between Catholics and Protestants. Most of the Northern countries of Europe (Britain, north and .

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