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Already he has gained a lot of enthusiastic followers and he has been training many people to propagate his method.
For Skepter, the magazine of Dutch skeptics foundation Skepsis, I was asked to write an article about Hof and his method. In this article I focused more on the scientific evidence for the many claims surrounding the Wim Hof method. Cold trickery — What can we learn from the Iceman?
The article I wrote for the August editon of Skepter can be read online on the Skepsis website Dutch: I will give a summary here, but if you have questions about the original article and you have trouble understanding the Dutch text, feel free to leave your questions in the comments.
Update And also in German: The science The Wim Hof Method is a combination of three things: The breathing Hof promotes comes down to repeatedly taking 30 deep breaths in a row, followed by keeping your breath for as long as you can. In this way you cause hyperventilation.
At the Radboud University Medical Center in Nijmegen several researchers investigated the physical capabilities of Hof. In this research twelve healthy volunteers were trained in the Wim Hof Method and twelve others were not.
Kox and Pickkers think that this is mostly caused by the breathing technique: In the intervention group, plasma levels of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL increased more rapidly after endotoxin administration, correlated strongly with preceding epinephrine levels, and were higher.
But there are cirumstances where this might be actual beneficial. However, whether this is anything more than an interesting scientific fact remains to be seen. Pickkers and Kox emphasize that this experiment was done with healthy volunteers and has only proven that a short term effect can be obtained.
Suggesting that this might lead to an effective treatment for people who suffer from an overacting immune system is pure speculation. One such method is the Buteyko Breathing Technique, which like the Wim Hof Method promotes a specific way of breathing, but is based on a totally different theory.
And that theory is utterly flawed. The other obvious bullocks is earthing. He walks barefooted a lot of the time, but never associated this with earthing as far as I know. Earthing is based on the bizarre idea that we need to give electrons from the earth easier access to our body, because these are needed to neutralize free radicals there.
There seem to be a lot of people surrounding Hof who are willing to jump the bandwagon to promote their own ideas, which do not really have anything in common with the Wim Hof Method. He is speculating a lot on the working mechanism underlying the effect Pickkers and Kox have shown.
And he makes quite bold claims of the possibilities of this for curing cancer. Capel left the professorship he held at Utrecht University inonly 56 years of age, which is rather peculiar. I guess that most people who are critical of Hof or even call him a quack are worried that he gives false hope to patients with serious diseases.
This means that every human from this moment on, can influence his autonomic nervous system in relation to his immune system and can learn to do this in really short time.
Wubbo Ockels, the first Dutch astronaut, died of cancer just two days before the interview.
And science is above speculation, it is not philosophizing. Furthermore, it is quite cheap. I surely would like to see Hof more careful on this matter than he has been in the past. In Koud Kunstje the expediton is also mentioned and in the book Hof corrects the claim that they reached the summit in almost the same words as he used on Twitter to answer my question.
Among those Wim Hof himself, who had been exhausted and had been suffering from injuries to his feet. I published the reconstruction on Kloptdatwel: These blogs of mine probably set some bad blood between the Hofs and me.
Not that they apologized in any way, but at least this shows that they are not totally allergic to sound criticism. Update 4 July Recently a couple of reports have appeared in newspaper Het Parool 12 on deaths by drowning probably caused by using the Wim Hof Method in an inappropriate way.Preparing to Write: To write a good summary it is important to thoroughly understand the material you are working with.
Here are some preliminary steps in writing a summary. 1. Skim the text, noting in your mind the subheadings. If there are no subheadings, try to Microsoft Word - How To Write a leslutinsduphoenix.com Quick Answer.
To write an article review in APA format, start by formatting the citation of the article. Read through the article and identify the standard APA sections, such as the abstract, introduction, method, study and results.
leslutinsduphoenix.com a first draft of the summary without looking at the article. leslutinsduphoenix.com use paraphrase when writing a summary. If you do copy a phrase from the original be sure it is a very important phrase that is necessary and cannot be paraphrased.
Guidelines for using IN-TEXT CITATIONS in a SUMMARY (or RESEARCH PAPER) Christine Bauer-Ramazani.
The purpose of a summary is to give the reader, in a about 1/3 of the original length of an article/lecture, a clear, objective picture of the original lecture or text.
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The aim of an article is to convey a certain idea or topic through the use of exposition and logic. In a summary, you want to identify the main idea of the article and put this information into your own words.