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Introduction Rather than provide a comprehensive history of the area or its discovery and exploration by the west, the main purpose of this section is to provide an overview that ties together my books and reading on these topics.
It is as much for my own benefit as for any third party reader. It is a guide which is hopefully easier to navigate than a list of book titles.
If you want to go deeper into the history of exporation in China and Tibet, then I highly recommend the complementary pages of Matthias Claus on "Reisen und Abenteuer in China und Tibet.
One page is a comprehensive annotated chronology of exploration of China and Tibet from -and the other covers the same material, but is organized alphabetically, by person. These pages are in German. I also highly recommend spending time on the web site of the British Library.
See for example the Aid for Researchers page and associated links on Afghanistan: Since the topic is so broad, it is difficult to recommend any single book that covers the literature or the scope of my interests.
One notable exception, however, is Cameron's volume, produced in association with the Royal Geographical Society: Mountains of the Gods: The Himalaya and the Mountains of Central Asia.
If you only buy one book to cover what follows and it is affordablethis might be it. Chinese Travelers More than a thousand years before Younghusband made his famous overland trip from Beijing, over the Karakoram to India, Chinese travelers had made the trip, often with far fewer resources and knowledge.
In the process, they laid the foundation for what was called by the German orientalist, Baron Ferdinand von Richthofen, "the Silk Road. His travel established the first link between India and China.
In 68 AD, Mingdi, the second Emperor of the Han Dynasty, reputedly dreamt of a golden god in the west, and as a result dispatched a delegation of 18 headed by Cai Yin, Qin Jing and Wang Zunwho returned 3 years later with images of the Buddha. Through this process Buddhism was introduced to China.
He returned by sea, via Ceylon and Sumatra, reaching China in He was a Buddhist monk who in went on a 10, mile pilgrimage from central China to India in order to study Buddhist manuscripts in their original form. His trip is covered in books by Grousset and Wriggins.
Shortly after, the diplomat Wang Xuan-ce traveled to India and Nepal, and established for the first time, the shorter but more difficult route of the passes into Nepal, rather than the longer route through the Pamirs.
And, on a larger scale, in the Chinese general Gao Xianzhi Kao Hsien-chih led an army from China into Yasin and Gilgit, where he defeated the Tibetans and checked the spread of Islam over the passes of the Pamirs. One book which covers the culture and history of Buddhism in the 7th century is Grousset's, In the Footsteps of the Buddha.
Another source for the history of the Silk Road, and travel from China, along the Silk Road, can be found in the various books by, and about, the archeaological explorations of the region.
Perhaps the best known archaeologist working in this area was Sir Aurial Stein. While I do not yet have any of his books, a list of some of the key ones can be found in the entry for him on my Dramatis Personae page.
As well, his activities are well covered in the two biographies of him that I have, one by Mirskythe other by Walker. The next great travelers, of whom a record exists, came from the East, not Europe. After Alexander, the next European who left a record of traveling through the area, that I am aware of, is Marco Polo, whose The Adventures of Marco Polowas first published in While some have questioned whether this book was history or fiction, or a combination of the two, what is clear is that his account was standard reading for those who followed, right through the 19th century.
Travel to Tibet The next European to travel in Tibet, and perhaps reach Lhasa although this is disputed, and there are no written accountswas Oderico of Pordenone, a Franciscan friar who journeyed overland from Beijing, through Tibet in Father Andrada returned with colleagues in and established a mission there which lasted until along with a second one in Rudok, miles further north.
In they traveled overland from Beijing to Rome. Depending on the legitimacy of the claims by Oderico of Pordenone, they were either the first or second Europeans to reach Lhasa. Regardless, there was a Capuchin mission resident in Lhasaand Petech, Mentions of the Harry Potter Bibliography "Since , Cornelia Rémi has maintained an up-to-date and marvelously informative website of international scholarship, symposia, sources, [ ] which attests to the ever-growing, worldwide attention being given to this literature and the vast sea of literary productions emerging from that attention.".
This is a large (+9Mb) collection of articles related to Neo-Paganism which can be found archived at a number of FTP sites (for instance, here).This is a collection of posts to bulletin boards from the late eighties to the mid nineties, essentially predating the modern Internet.
Early Exploration of Tibet, Nepal, Tartary, the Himalaya, Karakoram, Introduction. Rather than provide a comprehensive history of the area or its discovery and exploration by the west, the main purpose of this section is to provide an overview that ties together my books and reading on these topics.
Annotated bibliography on business ethics. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON. Annotated bibliography on business ethics.
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This bibliography includes primary source texts relevant to the literary, historical, cultural, and religious milieu of Lollardy as well as those specifically by and about Lollard writers–and so, it is also a good place to start for work on later medieval religious culture in England at large.
Chronic Heart Failure: Annotated Bibliography - Level 1 Evidence NHMRC – Systematic Review This systematic review conducted by Takeda A, Taylor SJC, Taylor RS, Khan F, Krum H, Underwood M, () sourced twenty-ﬁve trials, and the overall number of people of the collective trials included was 5,